The Wiegand Family at the Glassworks Emde (1)


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•  The fine glassworks Emde near Brakel in the bishopric Paderborn officially was founded October 21, 1727 with the signing of the contract. This contract ran for ten years and named Johann Henrich Gundlach and Abraham Wiegand as lessees. Both came from the hessian glassworks Altmuenden near Hannoversch Muenden, where they had worked previously for several years, Wiegand as glassmaster and Gundlach as glass cutter and co-lessee. The works of Altmuende had been (newly) founded in June 1680, thus are much older works.

Johann Abraham Wiegand was born about 1690 in Henneberg-Stuetzerbach, Thuringia. According to the book of Gerhard Greiner: „Glas War Ihr Leben - Glas War Ihr Schicksal“  (Glass was their Life - Glas was their Destiny) his father was Hieronymus Wiegand, born March 05, 1666 in Altenfeld, Thuringia, the mother was Dorothea Wenzel. On January 30, 1718 he married in Wilhelmshausen Anna Judith Greiner, born December 06, 1700 at the glassworks Altmuenden, daughter of Georg Greiner, from Stuetzerbach as well and Dorothea Gundelach. They had the following six children:

          1. Johann Henrich, born Jan 4, 1720, Altmuenden (Godfather was Johann Henrich Gundelach, „Glaßmeister“ [glassmaster] in Altmuenden), died

           March 3, 1749 Emde.

        2. Johann Christoph Abraham, born Feb 27, 1722, Altmuenden (Godfather was Master Christoph Ebert (Eberhardt), „erster und

             oberster Glaßmacher“ [first and highest glassmaker] in Altmuenden).

        3. Anna Christina, born Jan 9, 1724, Altmuenden (Godmother was Frau Gundelach [possibly Anna Christina, the wife of

             Co-Lessee Gundlach]).

        4. Anna Amelia, born Mar 28, 1726, Emde.

        5. Anna Elysabeth, born Jul 7, 1728, Emde.

        6. Johann Christian (Becker), born Mar 24, 1730, Emde.

• .Johann Abraham dies on Apr 2, 1736 at the age of about 46 years and is buried at Istrup, his wife Judith Greiner dies on Jan 3, 1776 at the age of 75 years and 1 month at the glassworks Altmuenden.

All children married, as was common custom at that time, descendants of other glassmaker families and it shows, that by this a close connectiond between the glassworks Emde and the glassworks Altmuende resulted.

Johann Christoph Abraham Wiegand married on March 8, 1757 at the age of 35 years in Wilhelmshausen Anna Elisabeth Iselhorst, born July 15, 1740, Altmuenden, daughter of Johann Henrich Iselhorst and Sofia Aschemann. The entry in the churchbook at their wedding shows him as co-lessee, as well as glass- und worksmaster at the glassworks Altmuenden. No children could be found in this marriage. Johann Christoph died Feb 19, 1777 in the age of 55 years at the glassworks Altmuenden.

Anna Christina Wiegand married on October 27, 1739 aged 15 years in Istrup Johann Samuel Triebek / Triebell. He was glassmaker at the glassworks Emde. They had the following children:

          1. Anna Judith, born June 24, 1740, Emde, died June 29, 1740, Emde.

        2. Johann Henrich, born Nov 27, 1741, Emde. At the age of 28 years he married on October 26, 1770 in Wilhelmshausen

           Anna Elisabeth Rund. The marriage entry shows him as glassmaker und –master at the glassworks Altmuenden. At the

           wedding of his first daughter in 1802 he is named as glassmaster, at the wedding of his second daughter in 1809 as

           „vormaliger dasiger Hüttenbeständer“ [previous lessee of the works from here]. The following children could be found:

                      1. Margaretha Luise, born Dec 19, 1774, Altmuenden, married on Aug 21, 1803 in Wilhelmshausen the shoemaker

                         Justus Henrich Volckwein. One child in this marriage:

                                     1. Anna Elisabeth, born June 20, 1807, Wilhelmshausen, died May 1, 1808

                      2. Maria Elisabeth married on June 20, 1802 in Wilhelmshausen the guardsman Henrich Klipp.

                      3. Christian, glassmaker at the works Altmünde, married on June 28, 1809 in Wilhelmshausen Charlotte Beckmann.

         3. Amalia, born Jan 2, 1744, Emde. She had an illegitimate child – Johann Friedrich, born 1775, that died aged „1 Jahr,

            5 Monaten und etlichen Wochen“ [1 year, 5 months and several weeks].

         4. Johann Christian, born Nov 23, 1746, died June 28, 1749, Emde.

Anna Christina died December 16, 1749 aged 25 years at the glassworks Emde, Johann Samuel died Dec 6, 1753.

Anna Amalia Wiegand married at the age of 18 years on Apr 19, 1744 in Schlangen Bonifacius Fleckenstein, born about. 1716, son of Matthias Fleckenstein and  Anna Elisabeth Noll. Of this marriage the following children:

           1. Anna Liesebeth, born Mar 21, 1745, Schlangen.

         2. Anna (Dorothea) Mar. Liesebeth, born Feb 20, 1748, Schlangen. At the age of 17 years she married on Feb 8, 1766 in Schlangen

             Johann Christian Ihmsen, the co-founder and co-lessee of the glassworks in Bodental near Schwaney. In 1769 He took in his mother-in-law

             from „Collstädt“ (Kohlstädt) after her husband had died and she got into financial difficulties. They had 9 children - see here.

          3. Florentina Wilhelmina, born Mar 20, 1753, Schlangen.

          4. Anna Maria, born Oct 7, 1757, Schlangen.

          5. Johann Christoph, born Nov 21, 1758, Schlangen. On Sep 20, 1795 he married Sophie Elisabeth Lahmen in Schlangen. They

             had three children.

Anna Amalia died on Feb 27, 1795 aged 69 years and Bonifacius on Jan 30, 1769 in Schlangen.

Anna Elysabeth Wiegand married at the age of 24 years on December 24, 1752 in Wilhelmshausen Henrich Wilhelm Iselhorst, born Oct 14, 1726, Altmuenden, son of Henrich Iselhorst and Eleonora Wenzel. It could not be acertained, if this Henrich Iselhorst is the same, who, possibly in a second marriage with Sofia Aschemann, fathered Anna Elisabeth. Henrich Wilhelm was glass cutter and guilding journeyman under Carl Ihmsen at the works Emde whom he left in a dispute. After that he worked for the widow Judith Wiegand-Greinerinstead at the glassworks Emde. Besides the quarrel about work there were accusations from the catholic clergy of the bishopric Paderborn, that both were not allowed to marry since supposedly they were too closely related. This accusation unfortunately could not be solved by searches in the church books in the Paderborn area. Anyway, the marriage did take place at the glassworks Altmuenden by a pastor of the protestant church at Wilhelmshausen. For this religious service outside the church 1 Reichsthaler had to be paid. At the glassworks Altmünde he worked as glass cutter and guilder. Their children were the following:

          1. Anna Elysabeth, born May 8, 1757, christened at Istrup.

          2. Johann Christian, born Nov 22, 1759, christened at Istrup.

          3. Maria Luisa Christina, born Aug 17, 1763, christened at Istrup.

          4. Henrich Bernhard, born Feb 5, 1766, Altmuenden.

          5. August, birthdate could not be found. Glaszierratschneider [glass decoration engraver] and guilder atf the glassworks Altmuenden, married on Oct 6, 1797 in Wilhelmshausen Anna Justina Kunkel. They had one child:

                      1. Catharina Elisabeth, born Mar 11, 1801, Altmuenden.

Anna Elysabeth died Apr 28, 1785 aged 57 years at the glassworks Altmuenden, the death date for Iselhorst could not be found, maybe he went to another glassworks after the death of his wife.

Johann Christian (Becker) Wiegand married Scharlotta Friderica Becker. Their children were:

          1. Friderica Aloysia, born Jul 23, 1761, Emde, died Jul 11, 1763.

          2. Joannes Ludovicus, born Dec 27, 1762, Emde, died Feb 5, 1763.

          3. Joannes Augustus, born Feb 24, 1764, Emde, died Aug 7, 1807, Fuerstenberg. Faktor [Supervisor] at the glassworks Brakel. At the time of his death he

              leaves a wife and 4 children of minor age.

          4. Henricus Carolus, born Dec 29, 1765, Emde. At the age of 32 years he married on Dec 24, 1797 Florentina Noll. They had two

             children - twins. Henricus Carolus died on Jul 26, 1799 at the glassworks Emde. Florentina Noll married in second marriage

             Wilhelm König, the following lessee of the works Emde.

          5. Joannes Christianus Fridericus, born Oct 31, 1767, Emde. In 1801he was co-founder, together with Wilhelm A. Kapmeyer,  of the

             glassworks Fuerstenberg near Bad Wuennenberg. He was married thrice:

             1. Marriage – unsure if married – Anna Maria Schryck, one illegitimate child:

                      1. Joannes Franciscus Josephus Schryck, born Dec 18, 1790, Emde, died Dec 27, 1790.

             2. Marriage - Feb 5, 1807 – Amalia Grönen from Heiden in the Lippe area (* 1779, + 25.01.1815, Fuerstenberg). The following

                 children of this marriage:

                      1. Henrich Wilhelm, born Mar 2, 1808, Fuerstenberg.

                      2. Wilhelmina.

                      3. Georg.

                      4. Charlotte Friderica Augusta, born Jun 29, 1813, Fuerstenberg.

                      Children 2 – 3 die shortly after their birth.

             3. Ehe - May 14, 1815, Lemgo – Luise Amalie Drüner from Luederdissen in the Lippe area (+ 25.03.1825). Three children of

                 this marriage:

                      1. Carl Georg, born Mar 22, 1816, Fuerstenberg.

                      2. Rudolph, born Jul 5, 1817, Fuerstenberg.

                      3. Simon Ludwig.

          6. Fridericus Ludovicus, born Oct 3, 1771, Emde, died 1771.

          7. Anna Friderica Wilhelma, born Sep 27, 1773, Emde.

          8. Georg Wilhelm, born Jul 9, 1776, Emde.

Johann Christian died on Sep 27, 1796 at the age of 66 years at glassworks Emde.

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Mr. Werner Schwarz with intensive research about the glassworks in Southern Thuringia could enlighten the ancestry of Johann Abraham Wiegand before his time in the Paderborn area and permitted me to present an excerpt on this page. (2)


The big family and glass clan of Wiegand from which also Johann Abraham Wiegand stems can be proven with surety as of 1568 at the closely neightboured glassworks of Southern Thuringia.

The two founders of this big and partial clan in the region of Southern Thuringia with hundreds of descendants each, Caspar Wiegand (1632 - 1699) from Fehrenbach and Georg (III) Wiegand (abt 1626 - 1694) born at Lauscha (both of course having common ancestors at older glassworks) had to buy their way into glassworks at high cost at Altenfeld and other places. Before they had been working in "foreign" countries to earn this money with great efforts.

The Wiegand family of Georg (III) moved around 1700 from Altenfeld to Stuetzerbach. To this group also belonged Hieronimus W., the father of Johann Abraham Wiegand. This group suffered a severe loss in its personal data stock.

At a fire in the parish house of Frauenwald to which belonged one part of the two-parted village of Stuetzerbach until 1845 all churchbooks before 1770 were destroyed. To this belonged further parishes like Vesser (among others the family of Triebel) and the glassworks Allzunah ( among othersthe families of Wenzel and Gundlach not from Thuringia).

This loss of churchbooks hardly can be compensated and therefore we do not know up to today the exact family data of those concerned at that time frame. A proper correlation is not always possible. The ones mostly affected by this loss are the branches of the Wiegand family that stem fromthe above mentioned glassmakers - Hieronimus Wiegand (1666-nach 1733) and his brother Johann Caspar Wiegand (1674-nach 1733).

The family relations of Johann Abraham Wiegand in its branches now show like this:

His father Hieronimus W. was born March 5, 1666 (churchbook Breitenbach) at the glassworks Altenfeld as son of the glassmaster Georg (III) W. and the daughter of the glassworks master Nicol Schmidt, Dorothea. The father of Georg (III), Georg (II) W., was glassmaker journeyman at Lauscha andwas married to a daughter of the legendary glassworks founder Hans Greiner-Schwab, thus entitled to inherit.

Since the sources for Lauscha are relatively thin, older churchbooks are completely missing, the role of the great-grandfather of Joh. Abraham W. cannot be determined more closely. Godfather of Hieronimus W. was in 1666 the ashburner (potash!) Hieronimus Eichhorn at Giessuebel, which letsone gauge the contractment area of the works in those days.

Father Hieronimus leaves Altenfeld before 1690 as fully qualified glassmaker and goes to the Schleusinger part of the 1660 divided village Stuetzerbach. He marries on Nov 18, 1690 at Frauenwald, the parish responsible for this area, a Dorothea Wenzel from Ilmenau, who does seem to have been related with the Hessian glassfamily Wenzel, since her father was master fitter. On the other hand son Joh. Abraham later learned andworked at the Wenzel-Gundlach glassworks Allzunah [Much-To-Near]. A coincidence?

The marriage entry of 1690 in the churchbook Frauenwald was a sacrifice of the above mentioned fire. We owe it to a certain "pedantry" though, that there exist two further marriage entries, one in the church book of Breitenbach, the other in Ilmenau. The marriage at Frauenwald remains mysterious, since Ilmenau would have been the place more likely for the ceremony as home of the bride. Later facts allow for the conclusion, thatthe bride could have been visibly pregnant, a fact that by no means in glassmakers circles of the time was a rarity.

The secluded neighboring glassworks Gehlberg for example were at least twice "venue" and sudden refuge in such cases. (Families Wiegand-Braunschweig and Schmirler-Vogtland)

Without doubt our Johann Abraham W. was born 1690 as the first child of the couple Hieronimus Wiegand and Dorothea Wenzel. The birth entry is missing for known reasons, but we can definitely assume, that when Joh. Abraham W. sought his way to the Hessian glassworks of Altmuende in 1712 he did carry with him the usual birth certificate. After all, the churchbook frauenwald did exist at that time and the parish priest was obligated to issue this certificate. Therefore, at the time of his death in 1736 his age (46 yrs), respectively his year of birth was exactly known.

In the year 1704 (May 17) Johann Abraham for the first time appears in an external churchbook (Ilmenau) as godfather. According to the rule, for this he had to be at least 14 years of age, and according to this he was born before May 17, 1690, while his parents only got married in November of the year. His father is titled mayor of Stuetzerbach in this entry of 1704. This is so far the only existing proof about this position inrelation to his person.

The second and much more important entry about Joh. Abraham W. took place in 1712 in the churchbook Goldlauter. At that time he is accused to have made pregnant a young woman at Allzunah who worked there as day labourer, which he denied. There are many reasons that he told the truth.

One only has to imagine the cringe-inducing and highly embarrassing questioning that took place: priest, mayor, his own father and probably the woman concerned were present, God and the Last Judgement were implored. There are not many accused that resisted unless they were not guilty.

Further examination showed, that the woman was 14 years older than Joh. Abraham and died 1733 unmarried. The child did notr survive the year 1712. To the christening a glassmaker from Allzunah was invited, a brother-in-law of the child's mother, whose name though was left blank in the churchbook entry, which happened very rarely. This godfather though did not come to the christening. His name could not be found out, although it would have been interesting to find out who worked at this small and young glassworks Allzunah at that time. It then belonged to the extra-thuringia family of Wenzel-Gundlach.

This occurrence of 1712 could have been the reason for Johann Abraham Wiegand to leave home, possibly the Wenzel-Gundlach family helped. He is called apprentice and this is astonishing since he is already 22 years old. Maybe it is meant as "young journeyman", a position he should havehad, after all, an apprenticeship of 8 years would have been very extraordinary.

In the estate of U. Eichhorn another son of Hieronimus W. appears. Johann Gerog Wiegand (abt 1695 - 1735) did not leave any trace in Southern Thuringia since he emigrated with his brother Joh. Abraham to Altmuenden in Hessia where he worked first as glassmaker and later as innkeeper. Godfather for his first child Johann Georg Wiegand in 1724 was the father-in-law of his brother Abraham, Johann Georg Greiner, father of the sister-in-law Judith Greiner. He was born 1670 in this region and it was his father, Martin, who came from Thuringia. This often isfalsely  represented.

A third son and brother of both is Johann Michael Franz Wiegand (calc 1698 - 1774) who as glassmaker stayed in Thuringia and 1722 went to the weimar side of Stuetzerbach to marry. The marriage entry of 1722 names the father Hieronimus W. as glassmaker and raker at the Schleusingen side.

Hieronimus W. never seems to have had his own glassworks. Judging by the occasional and rare appearance of the title "Herr" [Master], it shows that he must have been a respected person. Successor in the office of mayor in Schleusingen-Stuetzerbach was his youngest brother Johann Caspar W. (1774 - aft 1733), who, in this function, had to organize and ensure the oath of allegiance in 1718. (Personal handwriting in the documents!). The next homage in 1733 lists the two brothers as "simple" inhabitants, the were no longer mayor. Soon after that they must have died. Earlier statements in the literature are unfounded with this.

Without "foreign" entries in churchbooks of 1690, 1704, 1712 and 1722 and without the oaths of allegiance of 1718 and 1733 we would know verylittle about the family of Hieronimus Wiegand and himself.

Since in those days and a longtime after married couples usually had 6 - 9 and more children, that we have no knowledge at all of about 5 - 6 further children of Hieronimus W., and most likely never will have. With this the sequel to the fire of the parish house in Frauenwald isdrastically outlined.

The marriage of the couple Abraham Wiegand and Judith Greiner with this very rare name of the old testament took place in 1718 in foreign parts. We do not know if the multitude of relatives was present. Also, little is known about the connection of the brothers Joh. Abraham and Joh. Georg Wiegand to their old hometown. Once (?) Judith Wiegand, born Greiner, wife of Abraham appears as Godmother in Stuetzerbach on the weimar side. The christening of the child of her brother-in-law Michael Franz took place in 1728 and she was named after her Juditha.

The later chronicler of Stuetzerbach, E. Loeber, could not read nor interpret properly the above churchbook entry in 1901 and talks about a sponsorship from the "Neuen Prachler Hütte" which he thinks located in the Rhoen forests. [he most likely meant the "new Paderborn glassworks atEmde", remark by H. Ihmsen].

The move of inhabitants of Southern Thuringia to other regions, the Wiegand brothers were not the only ones, thus was long forgotten andsurrounded by legends.






        1. The informations about the Wiegand family was also published by me in the magazine "Der Glasfreund, Heft 34, 2010". To the Top
      
2. Permission for this excerpt was granted by Werner Schwarz. The complete article of his researches in this matter can be viewed at: www.famfo-w-schwarz.de, Artikel über die Glassippe Wiegand                 (pdf-format - in German)  To the Top


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